A proposal of attention to Domestic Violence

 

What is the Child Abuse?

For many years, the blows, scolds and punishments had been accepted as suitable and even necessary methods for the formation of children. Most of the adults felt and handled themselves as if they had authority over any boy or girl, independently on if it is a member of the family or not. The brutality whereupon was delivered over the child on behalf of the adults (parents, brothers, uncles, grandparents, teachers, etc.) became a preoccupation for some sectors of society and despite the efforts that have been made in order to protect the childhood, the creation of the UNICEF and the Convention of Rights of the Children, in Mexico the creation of the "Procuraduría de la Defensa del Menor y la Familia" (Office for Defense of the Minor and the Family), among others. At the moment the violence which children are living continues being a problem that transcends the barriers of home and time.

 

According to the "Sistema Nacional para el Desarrollo Integral de la Familia" (National System for the Integral Development of the Family), DIF, the child abuse is the denomination that receives the aggressions that the adults deposits on the minors, producing physical and emotional damages, affecting their intellectual development, education and its suitable integration to society. There are generally the nearest relatives, those who intentionally hurt them, with the pretext to correct their behavior due to disobedience or non fulfillment of the entrusted tasks.

 

The physical abuse, omission of attention, emotional abuse and negligence are the most frequent types of mistreatment that a child lives according to the "Dirección de Asistencia Jurídica del Sistema Nacional" (Direction of Legal Attendance of National System).

 

The "Centro de Terapia y Apoyo para víctimas de la Procuraduría General de Justicia del Distrito Federal" reports that the victims younger than 13 years treated in the period about January to September of 1997, 52% were victims of sexual abuse - 31% rape victims - and 70% of all the treated minors were girls. It is also registered that in 1999 DIF took care of 24.927 children and abused children of which 12.219 were girls and 12.916 were boys. [1]

 

The child abuse not only refers to blows that the children receive on part of their family, but also all those discriminating, exploiting and denigrating situations, because it is necessary not to forget that the violence lived within their homes transfers towards the outside.

 

One of the more evident ways of abuse and exploit is the infantile work, in the executive summary of the global report in accordance with the pursuit of the Declaration of the “OIT” regards the fundamental principles and work rights, it is mentioned that in 2004 there were 218 million children detected in situations of infantile work, from which 126 million realized dangerous jobs.

 

The UNICEF presented to the Chamber of Representatives a report in which establishes that in Mexico prevail serious deficiencies in the matter of education and health, entries that are even "discriminatory" and of poor quality, since the average school age, between 5 and 14 years, is hardly of 4.5% and the bad chronic nutrition reaches the 20% and 25% of the population. The Special Relator of the Committee of Rights of the Children, of the Organization of the United Nations (UNICEF), Norberto Liwsky, established the previous issue and said that despite the advances in the matter of protection of the rights of childhood and adolescence, the profits in Mexico are still insufficient. He assured that the sexual exploitation, discrimination, tortures, corporal punishment, interfamilial violence and labor exploitation, as well as the lack of access to education and health still persists in this country. He warned that the Committee under his charge "is deeply concerned about denounces on cases of torture, cruel and degrading treatment against children, particularly those living on the streets, infant migrants, marginalized and victims of sexual and economic exploitation". Similarly, he added, "we are worried because the corporal punishment at home continues being legal and it is not prohibited explicitly in the schools, in penal institutions and alternative centers", he emphasized. [2]

 

Due to the stressing situations that adolescents lives, derived from interfamilial violence, they tend to indicate conducts of risk motivated by their necessity of support, rebellion or eagerness for revenge from their parents doing exactly what they consider will be reproached to them like being dissolute or to prostitute themselves, having intercourses without protection, which consequently causes diseases of sexual transmission and parenthood at early age. On the matter, it suits to make reference to the following:

 

INEGI: In the year of 2002, over 1.837.518 births from young mothers were registered, which corresponds to the 68.1% of the total births. The CONAPO (National Council of Population) informs that at the moment women from 14 and 19 years old, one of each 14 get pregnant and the SSA (Secretariat of Health) indicates that from the 2.2 million registered child births, a 17% are from adolescent mothers. [3]

 

This is only an approximated panorama to the reality allowing us to reflect and to consider that when the veneration to the family diminishes, violence comes into scene. The communication, harmony, respect, confidence and affection are lost. In spite of the evident crisis which the family is going through, it does not devaluate itself, on the contrary, it is necessary to rescue it, because there is no other way to resist the problems before mentioned.

 

 

 

NOTES

 

1. UNICEF

www.unicef.org/mexico/programas/violencia.htm

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2. LA CRÓNICA DE HOY Por: Luciano Franco.

Martes 14 de Noviembre de 2006.

http://www.cronica.com.mx/nota.php?id_nota=271222

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3. Fundación Vamos México

http://www.vamosmexico.org.mx/

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