A proposal of attention to Domestic Violence

 

What is Violence?

The relationships between human beings are characterized by the manifestation of diverse emotions that are particularly related to the way we understand life and what happens during the course of the same. As humans grow and develop themselves, they add new life experiences that contribute to the accumulation of emotions which are manifested and handled in daily life. Part of these experiences is one of the main causes of dissatisfaction, including those in every relationship with other people. This dissatisfaction and acquired experience, altogether, tends to be shown in a violent way by the individual towards its surroundings, other people, and itself. Violence becomes inherent to the human being, it is part of its life: inside the family, school, streets, entertainment, politics, etc. This means that while the older we become the greater is our dissatisfaction and, consequently, the possibilities of being violent.

 

Nevertheless, to clarify this point it is necessary to determine what VIOLENCE is, understanding it as the “action or effect to force” and to act VIOLENTLY as the fact “to apply aggressive means to things or people to overcome its resistance” [1]

 

Also, “it is the use of the force to reach an object, coercion that relies on another, or by the use of force, threat, intimidation, manipulation or any other way such as psychological pressure, in order to do what the one that uses violence wants to be done”. [2]

 

From the sociological point of view, VIOLENCE is seen as the “extreme form of material aggression, executed by a collective or individual subject, consistent in intentional destructive physical attacks, against people or things, generally representing a value for the victim or society, or in the imposition, by means of intention or manifest threat of the use of physical force or weapons, to effectuate serious opposite acts to the own will”.

 

The Violence against people takes shape, in several degrees. To exert pressure to obtain compliance, or to necessarily yield possessions, even information or confessions of any kind; in the deprivation of freedom for long or short periods of time, or kidnapping, beatings, wounds, mutilation, torture and, finally, death.

 

The Violence against things takes the form of somewhat serious damages, and of total or irreparable destruction. Understanding that the Violence can be socially defined, or not, as a crime, according to the social justification from the individual is part of, or by the majority of its components.” [3]

 

In addition, the provided definitions make reference to VIOLENCE wielded towards others. Anyhow it is of great importance remarking that VIOLENCE is not only projected towards other members of society and it could be said that a violent action also relies on us. It is likely that a considerable number of persons are not considered as violent because they are not able to strike or to insult others. Although it is also probable that as a result of their own experiences people are violent with themselves, being even more harmful than outside violence, because only the fact of handling negative ideas is an aggression to their own emotions and physical health.

 

A very common way to discharge our VIOLENCE is the one pronounced towards animals or things. But independently of the way in which it is manifested, when an individual is violent, it means that it is a person who has an emotional instability and is suffering almost as much as the one who receives the aggression itself.

 

Such VIOLENCE lies in our surroundings and inside us, the society lives VIOLENCE, lives in VIOLENCE, and it is pronounced in different forms such as: struggle of powers, discrimination, war, hunger, authoritarianism, domestic violence, violence in mass media, etc. The creativity of the human being in this sense has no limits.

 

Generally, this violence is present in every area in which the human being develops and every aspect of its life. Not necessarily the person must coexist or be related to other people to manifest it. It was previously clarified that it can be violent with itself; however, it acquires social importance when there are other people who turn out to be the victims, making reference specifically to the family members. But we will particularly approach the problem of the interfamilial violence.

 

 

 

NOTES

 

1. Diccionario enciclopédico OCEANO UNO COLOR.

Edición 1995.

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2. ANDER – EGG Ezequiel. Diccionario del Trabajo Social.

Editorial EL ATENEO.

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3. GALLINO  Luciano, Diccionario de Sociología.

Ed. Siglo XXI

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